Why BertForMaskedLM has decoder layer

I want to start a new pre training language. When I use ’bertformaskedLM‘, I find that the model has a decoder layer, and the output of the model should be 768 dimensions, not 20000 (20000 is the number of tokens). What is the reason for this problem ?and how can I pretrain a language correctly? thank you.

this code:

config = BertConfig(
    vocab_size=20000,
    hidden_size=768, 
    num_hidden_layers=6, 
    num_attention_heads=12,
    max_position_embeddings=512
)

model = BertForMaskedLM(config)

training_args = TrainingArguments(
    output_dir='./bangla_data/working/',
    overwrite_output_dir=True,
    num_train_epochs=1,
    per_device_train_batch_size=32,
    save_steps=1000, #10000
    save_total_limit=2,
    prediction_loss_only=True,
    learning_rate: float = 5e-05,
)

trainer = Trainer(
    model=model,
    args=training_args,
    data_collator=data_collator,
    train_dataset=dataset,
)

model = BertForMaskedLM(config)
print('No of parameters: ', model.num_parameters())

this model:
BertForMaskedLM(
(bert): BertModel(
(embeddings): BertEmbeddings(
(word_embeddings): Embedding(20000, 768, padding_idx=0)
(position_embeddings): Embedding(512, 768)
(token_type_embeddings): Embedding(2, 768)
(LayerNorm): LayerNorm((768,), eps=1e-12, elementwise_affine=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
(encoder): BertEncoder(
(layer): ModuleList(
(0): BertLayer(
(attention): BertAttention(
(self): BertSelfAttention(
(query): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(key): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(value): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
(output): BertSelfOutput(
(dense): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(LayerNorm): LayerNorm((768,), eps=1e-12, elementwise_affine=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
)
(intermediate): BertIntermediate(
(dense): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=3072, bias=True)
)
(output): BertOutput(
(dense): Linear(in_features=3072, out_features=768, bias=True)
(LayerNorm): LayerNorm((768,), eps=1e-12, elementwise_affine=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
)
(1): BertLayer(
(attention): BertAttention(
(self): BertSelfAttention(
(query): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(key): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(value): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
(output): BertSelfOutput(
(dense): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(LayerNorm): LayerNorm((768,), eps=1e-12, elementwise_affine=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
)
(intermediate): BertIntermediate(
(dense): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=3072, bias=True)
)
(output): BertOutput(
(dense): Linear(in_features=3072, out_features=768, bias=True)
(LayerNorm): LayerNorm((768,), eps=1e-12, elementwise_affine=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
)
(2): BertLayer(
(attention): BertAttention(
(self): BertSelfAttention(
(query): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(key): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(value): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
(output): BertSelfOutput(
(dense): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(LayerNorm): LayerNorm((768,), eps=1e-12, elementwise_affine=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
)
(intermediate): BertIntermediate(
(dense): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=3072, bias=True)
)
(output): BertOutput(
(dense): Linear(in_features=3072, out_features=768, bias=True)
(LayerNorm): LayerNorm((768,), eps=1e-12, elementwise_affine=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
)
(3): BertLayer(
(attention): BertAttention(
(self): BertSelfAttention(
(query): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(key): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(value): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
(output): BertSelfOutput(
(dense): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(LayerNorm): LayerNorm((768,), eps=1e-12, elementwise_affine=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
)
(intermediate): BertIntermediate(
(dense): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=3072, bias=True)
)
(output): BertOutput(
(dense): Linear(in_features=3072, out_features=768, bias=True)
(LayerNorm): LayerNorm((768,), eps=1e-12, elementwise_affine=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
)
(4): BertLayer(
(attention): BertAttention(
(self): BertSelfAttention(
(query): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(key): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(value): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
(output): BertSelfOutput(
(dense): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(LayerNorm): LayerNorm((768,), eps=1e-12, elementwise_affine=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
)
(intermediate): BertIntermediate(
(dense): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=3072, bias=True)
)
(output): BertOutput(
(dense): Linear(in_features=3072, out_features=768, bias=True)
(LayerNorm): LayerNorm((768,), eps=1e-12, elementwise_affine=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
)
(5): BertLayer(
(attention): BertAttention(
(self): BertSelfAttention(
(query): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(key): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(value): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
(output): BertSelfOutput(
(dense): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(LayerNorm): LayerNorm((768,), eps=1e-12, elementwise_affine=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
)
(intermediate): BertIntermediate(
(dense): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=3072, bias=True)
)
(output): BertOutput(
(dense): Linear(in_features=3072, out_features=768, bias=True)
(LayerNorm): LayerNorm((768,), eps=1e-12, elementwise_affine=True)
(dropout): Dropout(p=0.1, inplace=False)
)
)
)
)
)
(cls): BertOnlyMLMHead(
(predictions): BertLMPredictionHead(
(transform): BertPredictionHeadTransform(
(dense): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=768, bias=True)
(LayerNorm): LayerNorm((768,), eps=1e-12, elementwise_affine=True)
)
(decoder): Linear(in_features=768, out_features=20000, bias=True)
)
)
)

Hi @ccfeidao

For your first question about the decoder and the hidden size and output size: Internally, the model projects the input tokens which have dimension of the vocabulary size (20’000 in your case) to the hidden size (768 in your case). Inside the layers of BERT the embeddings of 768 are processed. Finally, after the last BERT layer we need to get back from the hidden size to the vocabulary size which corresponds to proper tokens. That’s what the decoder layer does: it takes embeddings of dim=768 and projects them to dim=20000.

As for your second question about pretraining: there is a tutorial on Google Colab.

1 Like

Thank you very much.I get it